Sunni Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide "Sunni Islam is the dominant division of the global Muslim community, and throughout history it has made up a substantial majority 85 to 90 percent of that community. There was no clearly accepted formula for determining succession in the Abbasid caliphate. Muslim Identities: An Introduction to Islam. Shia constitute about 10 to 15 percent of all Muslims, and globally their population is estimated at less than million. John Shore. Camilla Adang. List of sufis. In the early 21st century the Sunnis constituted the majority of Muslims in all countries except Iran, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, and perhaps Lebanon. Texts and sciences.
In terms of Ihsan. Sunni Islam is sometimes referred to as "orthodox Islam",    though some scholars view this translation as inappropriate. The Quran , together with hadith especially those collected in Kutub al-Sittah and binding juristic consensus , form the basis of all traditional jurisprudence within Sunni Islam. Sharia rulings are derived from these basic sources, in conjunction with analogical reasoning , consideration of public welfare and juristic discretion , using the principles of jurisprudence developed by the traditional legal schools. In Arabic, the word is an adjective literally meaning "pertaining to the Sunnah". The Muslim use of this term refers to the sayings and living habits of the prophet Muhammad. One common mistake is to assume that Sunni Islam represents a normative Islam that emerged during the period after Muhammad's death, and that Sufism and Shi'ism developed out of Sunni Islam. Both Sunnism and Shiaism are the end products of several centuries of competition between ideologies. Both sects used each other to further cement their own identities and doctrines. Sunni recognition includes the aforementioned Abu Bakr as the first, Umar as the second, Uthman as the third, and Ali as the fourth. Subsequently, Hasan was poisoned to death and Muawiya enjoyed unchallenged power. Not honouring his treaty with Hasan he however nominated his son Yazid to succeed him. There was no clearly accepted formula for determining succession in the Abbasid caliphate. Two or three sons or other relatives of the dying caliph emerged as candidates to the throne, each supported by his own party of supporters.
This led historically to Sunni acceptance of the leadership of the foremost families of Mecca and to the acceptance of unexceptional and even foreign caliphs, so long as their bekiefs afforded the proper exercise of religion and the datiing of order.
The distinctions between the Sunnis and other groups regarding the holding of spiritual and political authority remained firm even after the caliphate ceased to exist as an effective political institution in the 13th century. Sunni orthodoxy is marked by an emphasis on the views and customs of the majority of the communityas distinguished from the views of peripheral groups. In the early 21st century the Sunnis constituted the majority of Muslims in all countries except Iran, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, and perhaps Lebanon.
They numbered check this out million in the early 21st century and constituted a majority umslim all the adherents of Islam. Article Sunhi. Info Print Cite.
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Read More on This Topic. From the inception of the Iraqi state in until the fall of the government of Saddam Hussein inthe ruling elites consisted mainly—although Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn Beliecs in these related Britannica articles:. From the inception of the Iraqi state in until the fall of the government of Saddam Hussein inthe ruling elites consisted mainly—although not exclusively—of minority Sunni Arabs.
These labels are somewhat misleading because they imply that only the Sunni s tried to follow the Sunnah of Muhammad. In fact, each group relied on the Sunnah but…. The issues raised by these early schisms and the positions adopted by them….
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